Jack Szostak, a genetics professor at Harvard Medical School and Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital, has won the 2009 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for pioneering work in the discovery of telomerase, an enzyme that protects chromosomes from degrading.
The work not only revealed a key cellular function, it also illuminated processes involved in disease and aging.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced today that it is awarding $348 million to encourage investigators to explore bold ideas that have the potentail to catapult fields forward and speed the translation of research into improved heatlh.
Rudy Tanzi has identified several different genes that can lead to diminished brain function in Alzheimer's, aging, and Down syndrome. He is also working to use information from gene defects that influence healthy aging of the brain, and to develop novel therapies for Alzheimer's.